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Thesis Defense - Nielsen

Learner Answer Assessment in Intelligent Tutoring Systems
Computer Science PhD Candidate
1/4/2008
1:30pm-3:30pm

Truly effective dialog and pedagogy in Intelligent Tutoring Systems will only be achievable when systems are able to understand the detailed relationships between a learner's answer and the desired conceptual understanding. This thesis describes a new paradigm and framework for recognizing whether a learner's response to an automated tutor's question entails that they understand the concepts being taught. I illustrate the need for a finer-grained analysis of answers than is supported by current tutoring systems and describe a new representation for reference answers that addresses these issues, breaking them into detailed facets and annotating their relationships to the learner's answer more precisely. Human annotation at this detailed level still results in substantial inter-annotator agreement, 86.1%, with a Kappa statistic of 0.728.

I present current efforts to automatically assess learner answers within this new framework, which involves training machine learning classifiers on features extracted from dependency parses of the reference answer and the learner's response and features derived from domain independent lexical statistics. The system's performance, 75.5 % accuracy within domain and 65.9% out of domain, is very encouraging and confirms the approach is feasible. Another significant contribution of this work is that the semantic assessment of answers is completely domain independent. No prior work in the area of tutoring or educational assessment has attempted to build such domain independent systems. They have virtually all required hundreds of examples of learner answers for each new question in order to train aspects of their systems or to handcraft information extraction templates.

Committee: Wayne Ward, Research Professor (Co-Chair)
James Martin, Professor (Co-Chair)
Walter Kintsch, Department of Psychology
Martha Palmer, Department of Linguistics
Tamara Sumner, Associate Professor

This defense will be held at the Center for Computational Language and Education Research in the Center for Innovation and Creativity at 1777 Exposition Drive.

Department of Computer Science
University of Colorado Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0430 USA
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